Melgar, General Rafael E. (1913-1959) Collection

Call Number: Latin American Library Manuscripts, Collection 151

1913-1959. Extensive collection of personal and political papers of General Rafael E. Melgar (1887-1959) who fought in Mexico’s Revolution (1910-1920) and then entered politics to serve in various offices including congressional representative from Oaxaca, campaign manager for Lázaro Cárdenas, governor of the Territory of Quintana Roo, Senator from Oaxaca, and as the Mexican ambassador to Holland. 42 linear feet.

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Collection Guide
Prepared by Christine Hernández, April 2013.

Collection Overview

The collection consists of the personal, military, and political correspondence and documents of General Rafael E. Melgar who was born in Oaxaca in 1887. Melgar fought in the Mexican Revolution as a young man attaining the rank of Brigade General. After leaving the military, he went on to a long and successful career as a politician serving in various legislative and administrative posts at the state and federal levels in Mexico. The vast majority of the materials in the General Rafael E. Melgar collection document his political career. Diverse print and photographic materials are available unbound or bound in 60 large format volumes and 11 bound scrapbooks. Available for research are official correspondence, government documents, press releases, accounts, ledgers, manuscripts, photographs, pamphlets, newspapers, newspaper clippings, books, and various forms of printed ephemera documenting the planning, development, and realization of Melgar’s political ambitions, ideology, relationships, and numerous activities on the national, state, and municipal levels. The collection touches on every aspect of Rafael Melgar’s political life: the administration and practice on a regional and national level of the plans of the Cárdenas regime; development of the predominant political parties in twentieth century Mexico (Partido Nacional Revolucionario and Partido Revolucionario Institucional), Alianza Nacional de Agrupaciones Revolucionarias (ANAR), and others; campaign and election processes; economic and commercial development; expansion and modernization of Mexico; and the formation of modern Mexican national identity.

Arrangement of the Collection

A. Military Papers
Box 1: Military Career in the Mexican Revolution of 1910 (Folders 1 – 10)

B. Early Political Career (1924 – 1933)
Unbound materials (Boxes 2 - 5) and 28 bound volumes.

C. Mid-Political Career (1935 – 1949)
Unbound materials (Boxes 6 - 16) and 28 bound volumes.

D. Late Political Career (1950 – 1959)
Unbound materials (Boxes 17 - 24) and 6 bound volumes.

E. Papers of ANAR (Alianza Nacional de Agrupaciones Revolucionarias)
Boxes 25-39

F. Later life
Box 40: Later projects, personal correspondence, and legacy (Folders 1 – 8)


G. Scrapbooks, notebooks, and newspapers
Boxes 41-44

H. Loose photographs
Boxes 45-46

I. Photograph albums
Boxes 47-49

J. Oversize photographic materials
Boxes 50-52; Rolls 1 - 3

K. Oversize documents
Box 53

L. Printed ephemera and artwork
Flat file folder 1

M. Maps
Flat file folder 2

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